Cider Lore

Cider Lore


10,000BC +
Crab Apple Blossom

Wild apples originate in Central Asia and spread throughout Europe – our native crab apples


The ancestor of modern, domestic apples moves west from the Tien Shan mountains with traders along the Silk Road

Greek Vases

Hebrews drink ‘shekar’ and Greeks drink ‘sikera’

1000BC – 50AD
Celtic Knot

Evidence suggests that Celtic Britons were making and drinking a primitive form of cider from crab apples

50 AD
The Romans

Romans invade Great Britain, bringing with them their domestic apple varieties and orchard techniques

400AD – 1066
400AD – 1066

The Middle Ages prove a quiet time for cider, with much knowledge and understanding of apples and cider lost


After the Invasion, the Normans brought over superior, high tannin cider apples, improved orcharding  and advanced pressing technology

Ancient Cider Orchards

10 acres of orchards recorded in Nottingham

1270 Cider map

Cider making recorded in Yorkshire, Hampshire and Sussex


The Church felt it necessary to warn people not to baptise their children with cider

Wycliffe Cider Bible

The Wycliffe ‘Cider’ Bible is published. It gets its name owing to the translation of the verse, ‘For he (John the Baptist) shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor cider’

Christopher Merret

Christopher Merret delivers a paper to the Royal Society detailing his experiments of fermenting cider in strengthened bottles, a method popularised in Champagne, but crucially, 6 years before pioneer Dom Perignon was even born!

King Charles 1

King Charles I drank cider in preference to wine

Cider Tax Riot

Lord Bute’s Government introduces a tax on cider leading to ‘cider riots’ in the West of England.  It also led to the phrase ‘an Englishman’s home is his castle’, coined by William Pitt the Elder, describing the layman’s right to protect his private property from entry by the tax man

Cider Production

True commercial cider production begins. Producers begin to purchase apples and make cider for sale, rather than for the farm

Cider Truck Payment

Truck, the practice of part payment of wages for farm labourers with cider, is officially deemed illegal, but continues well into the 20th century. Up to 8 pints a day were on offer for the best workers!

National Association of Cidermakers

National Association of Cider Makers is founded

1945 – present
Cider Orchards

Cider making and orchard management techniques improved to increase yield and consistency to match increasing consumer demand

Cider Duty

Cider Duty is reintroduced

Modern Cider

Cider renaissance well underway, supported by new branding, advertising and changing consumer trends

Modern cider

Cider has a greater diversity of producers, brands and consumers than ever before!